Copyright and Licensing 

The journal is licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). For all articles published in Journal of Exercise Science & Physical Activity Reviews (JESPAR), copyright is retained by the authors. Articles are licensed under an open access Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, allowing anyone to download, read, and share the paper for free. Articles can be reused and quoted, provided that the original published version is properly cited. This licensing promotes maximum visibility and use of the work while ensuring authors receive appropriate credit.

In exceptional cases, articles may be licensed under different terms. If you have specific conditions (such as those related to funding) that prevent adherence to this license, please inform the editorial office at the time of submission. Exceptions will be considered at the publisher's discretion.

Reproducing Published Material from Other Publishers 

Authors must obtain permission to reproduce any published material (figures, schemes, tables, or text excerpts) that is not in the public domain or for which they do not hold the copyright. Permission should be requested from the copyright holder, typically the publisher.

Permission is Required For:

  • Your own works published by other publishers where you do not retain copyright.
  • Substantial extracts from any work or a series of works.
  • Use of tables, graphs, charts, schemes, and artworks that are unaltered or only slightly modified.
  • Photographs for which you do not hold copyright.

Permission is Not Required For:

  • Reconstruction of your own table with data published elsewhere, provided you cite the source as "Data from..." or "Adapted from...".
  • Reasonably short quotes, which are considered fair use and do not require permission.
  • Graphs, charts, schemes, and artworks that are completely redrawn and significantly altered.

Obtaining Permission

To avoid delays in the publication process, begin obtaining permissions as early as possible. If uncertain about copyright issues, always apply for permission. Journal of Exercise Science & Physical Activity Reviews (JESPAR) cannot publish material from other publications without proper permissions.

The copyright holder may provide specific instructions for acknowledgment. If not specified, use the following format: "Reproduced with permission from [author], [book/journal title]; published by [publisher], [year]." Include this acknowledgment at the end of the caption for the relevant table, figure, or scheme.

You are free to:

* Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
* Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material

The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.

Under the following terms:

* Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.

* NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.

No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.